Table 5

Relationship Between Years of Education and 1-Year Mortality Rates by Enrolling Country

Years of Education
Country (Compulsory Years of Education)<8 yrs8–12 yrs>12–16 yrs>16 yrsp Value
Overall 1-year mortality17.5 (16.0–19.1)7.8 (7.2–8.5)4.9 (3.9–6.1)3.5 (2.2–5.6)<0.0001
United Kingdom (12 yrs)22.1 (18.8–26.0)10.4 (8.5–12.8)3.5 (1.1–10.4)0<0.0001
Germany (13 yrs)23.1 (18.0–29.4)8.6 (7.0–10.7)3.8 (1.3–11.5)0<0.0001
Sweden (10 yrs)17.8 (14.9–21.2)5.8 (3.8–8.8)2.6 (0.7–10.1)0<0.0001
Italy (9 yrs)16.9 (12.9–21.8)11.9 (7.5–18.7)1.4 (0.2–9.3)3.7 (0.5–23.5)0.0025
New Zealand (12 yrs)06.2 (4.0–9.4)3.5 (0.5–22.1)00.4684
Poland (9 yrs)17.6 (12.1–25.3)11.5 (8.7–15.1)14.2 (7.8–25.6)9.3 (3.1–26.2)0.2523
Canada (11 yrs)12.8 (8.5–19.0)7.3 (5.9–9.0)4.3 (2.5–7.2)1.6 (0.4–6.1)0.0002
Australia (11 yrs)8.5 (5.0–14.2)5.6 (4.1–7.5)6.3 (2.1–18.1)00.4765
United States (12 yrs)9.9 (6.2–15.6)7.3 (6.3–8.5)5.1 (3.8–6.8)4.2 (2.3–7.6)0.0233
  • p value reflects differences across the 4 categories of years of education within a country. Data are given as event rates (95% confidence intervals).