Table 3

Classification of Types of Restrictive Cardiomyopathy According to Cause

Myocardial
 Noninfiltrative
  Idiopathic cardiomyopathy
  Familial cardiomyopathy
  Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  Scleroderma
  Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
  Diabetic cardiomyopathy
 Infiltrative
  Amyloidosis
  Sarcoidosis
  Gaucher's disease
  Hurler's disease
  Fatty infiltration
 Storage diseases
  Hemochromatosis
  Fabry's disease
  Glycogen storage disease
Endomyocardial
 Endomyocardial fibrosis
 Hypereosinophilic syndrome
 Carcinoid heart disease
 Metastatic cancers
 Radiation
 Toxic effects of anthracycline
 Drugs causing fibrous endocarditis (serotonin, methysergide, ergotamine, mercurial agents, busulfan)

Adapted from Kushwaha et al (87) with permission from the Massachusetts Medical Society. Copyright 1997, The Massachusetts Medical Society.

  • This condition is more likely than the others to be encountered in clinical practice.