Table 1

Risks Associated With Endomyocardial Biopsy in 546 Procedures

Overall 33 complications (6%)
Sheath insertion 15 (2.7%)
 12 (2.0%) arterial puncture during local anesthesia
 2 (0.4%) vasovagal reaction
 1 (0.2%) prolonged venous oozing after sheath removal
Biopsy procedure 18 (3.3%)
 6 (1.1%) arrhythmia
 5 (1.0%) conduction abnormalities
 4 (0.7%) possible perforation (pain)
 3 (0.5%) definite perforation (pericardial fluid)
  2 of 3 patients with definite perforation died

Data derived from Deckers et al (20).