Table 15

ESs for Physical Activity and Lipids

Aerobic Exercise Training and Lipids
ES1.
  • Among adults, aerobic physical activity, compared with control interventions, reduces LDL-C 3–6 mg/dL on average.

  • Strength of Evidence: Moderate

ES2.
  • Among adults, aerobic physical activity alone, compared with control interventions, reduces non–HDL-C 6 mg/dL on average.

  • Strength of Evidence: Moderate

ES3.
  • Among adults, aerobic physical activity alone, compared with control interventions, has no consistent effect on triglycerides.

  • Strength of Evidence: Moderate

ES4.
  • Among adults, aerobic physical activity alone, compared with control interventions, has no consistent effect on HDL-C.

  • Strength of Evidence: Moderate

Resistance Exercise Training and Lipids
ES5.
  • Among adults, resistance training, compared with control interventions, reduces LDL-C, triglycerides, and non–HDL-C by 6–9 mg/dL on average and has no effect on HDL-C. Typical interventions shown to reduce LDL-C, triglycerides, and non–HDL-C and to have no effect on HDL-C include resistance physical activity programs that average 24 wk duration and include ≥3 d/wk, with 9 exercises performed for 3 sets and 11 repetitions at an average intensity of 70% of 1 maximal repetition.

  • Strength of Evidence: Low

ES indicates evidence statement; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.