Table 1

Baseline Characteristics

Overall
(N = 631,762)
HDL-C (mg/dl)
≤30
(n = 12,542)
31–40
(n = 91,932)
41–50
(n = 171,043)
51–60
(n = 155,845)
61–70
(n = 102,045)
71–80
(n = 54,459)
81–90
(n = 25,952)
>90
(n = 17,944)
Age, yrs57.2 ± 11.355.4 ± 10.956.1 ± 11.156.9 ± 11.257.5 ± 11.457.7 ± 11.557.9 ± 11.558.1 ± 11.458.7 ± 11.1
Female55.420.128.143.559.671.779.884.486.4
Income quintiles
 1 (lowest)16.220.418.417.015.915.114.013.213.3
 220.121.921.020.820.219.418.618.017.3
 320.620.821.121.120.720.219.719.618.7
 421.419.720.721.221.521.722.122.021.7
 5 (highest)21.616.918.519.721.523.425.526.928.8
Hypertension43.149.447.846.443.239.636.334.735.5
Diabetes19.638.029.623.617.813.510.89.19.0
Smoker16.625.421.718.013.915.312.616.812.8
COPD8.811.29.69.18.58.38.18.39.2
Heavy alcohol consumption12.512.113.611.512.712.19.816.219.9
Aggregated diagnosis groups9.6 ± 3.79.4 ± 3.89.3 ± 3.89.4 ± 3.79.6 ± 3.79.7 ± 3.79.8 ± 3.69.8 ± 3.69.9 ± 3.7
Lipid profile
 HDL-C, mg/dl55.2 ± 15.827.4 ± 3.336.4 ± 2.745.6 ± 2.955.2 ± 2.965.1 ± 2.975.0 ± 2.985.0 ± 2.8101.6 ± 11.1
 LDL-C, mg/dl119.2 ± 36.193.4 ± 37.2112.5 ± 36.6120.8 ± 36.5122.9 ± 35.9121.8 ± 35.2119.4 ± 33.9116.6 ± 33.1112.5 ± 33.0
 Triglycerides, mg/dl134.2 ± 84.3261.9 ± 167.4194.7 ± 111.2151.2 ± 79.8121.8 ± 60.2102.4 ± 48.889.8 ± 41.181.1 ± 36.074.6 ± 33.4
 Triglyceride113 (81–163)219 (151–318)169 (123–234)134 (99–182)109 (81–147)92 (70–123)81 (62–107)74 (58–95)67 (53–87)
 Non-HDL-C, mg/dl146.0 ± 40.4144.0 ± 44.0151.1 ± 42.4151.1 ± 41.4147.3 ± 39.8142.2 ± 38.3137.3 ± 36.3132.8 ± 35.1127.4 ± 34.6
 Total cholesterol, mg/dl201.1 ± 41.2171.4 ± 44.2187.6 ± 42.6196.6 ± 41.4202.5 ± 39.8207.3 ± 38.3212.4 ± 36.3217.8 ± 35.1228.9 ± 35.4
Lifestyle factors, n5,1081037371,3521,211814478248165
 Ideal BMI (<25 kg/m2)37.013.619.925.438.848.453.362.167.9
 Moderate physical activity47.840.841.045.946.950.754.059.754.5
 Ideal fruit and vegetable consumption37.926.230.833.139.244.643.746.841.8

Values are mean ± SD, %, or median (interquartile range), unless otherwise indicated.

BMI = body mass index; COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

  • Heavy alcohol consumption defined as ≥5 drinks on 12 or more occasions per year.

  • Moderate physical activity defined as ≥30 min walking/day.

  • Ideal fruit and vegetable consumption defined as ≥5 servings/day.