Table 1

Patient Characteristics

OverallDBP
<60 mm Hg
DBP
60–69 mm Hg
DBP
70–79 mm Hg
DBP
80–89 mm Hg
DBP
90–99 mm Hg
DBP
≥100 mm Hg
p Value
n11,565 (100)1,087 (9.4)3,728 (32.2)4,249 (36.7)1,902 (16.4)487 (4.2)112 (1.0)
Age, yrs56.7 ± 5.757.7 ± 6.056.9 ± 5.856.5 ± 5.656.5 ± 5.656.3 ± 5.755.1 ± 5.4<0.001
Female57.372.563.754.547.841.139.3<0.001
Black24.513.22024.532.941.364.3<0.001
SBP, mm Hg121.0 ± 18.5103.4 ± 14.5112.1 ± 13.2122.4 ± 13.6135.4 ± 15.0149.5 ± 17.2167.7 ± 22.7<0.001
Antihypertensive medication use2818.222.428.237.947.653.6<0.001
Left ventricular hypertrophy by ECG2.21.11.22.03.27.017.0<0.001
Smoking status<0.001
 Never smoking41.23441.34244.338.242.9
 Current smoker21.832.424.118.917.820.729.5
 Former smoker36.933.634.639.237.941.127.7
Drinking status0.51
 Never drinking22.724.72323.12120.521.4
 Current drinker57.655.757.257.759.157.558.9
 Former drinker19.619.619.719.219.92219.6
Diagnosed diabetes7.88.88.37.37.75.75.40.163
BMI, kg/m227.8 ± 5.325.7 ± 4.827.1 ± 5.028.2 ± 5.228.9 ± 5.429.7 ± 6.230.6 ± 7.4<0.001
LDL-C, mg/dl133.1 ± 36.6131.3 ± 37.0131.4 ± 36.0133.5 ± 36.6135.3 ± 37.2136.7 ± 38.3141.7 ± 36.2<0.001
HDL-C, mg/dl50.6 ± 16.852.3 ± 16.851.6 ± 16.949.7 ± 16.450.0 ± 17.549.0 ± 15.849.2 ± 14.4<0.001
Triglycerides, mg/dl127.2 ± 64.5120.1 ± 60.9123.2 ± 61.9129.6 ± 65.5132.2 ± 67.2133.8 ± 69.6126.6 ± 67.0<0.001
Lipid medication5.24.85.45.84.52.30.90.002
eGFR, ml/min/1.73 m296.8 ± 15.297.2 ± 13.596.7 ± 14.896.7 ± 15.297.2 ± 16.096.0 ± 17.595.2 ± 20.40.469

Values are n (%), mean ± SD, or %.

BMI = body mass index; ECG = electrocardiograph; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP = systolic blood pressure.

  • Categories of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at baseline (ARIC visit 2, 1990–1992).