Author + information
- Received March 7, 1994
- Revision received July 25, 1994
- Accepted August 25, 1994
- Published online February 1, 1995.
- ↵1Address for correspondence: Dr. Kate Bull, Cardiothoracic Unit, Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, United Kingdom.
Objectives. This study summarized patterns of presentation and attrition in complex pulmonary atresia.
Methods. We performed a retrospective review of age at presentation, referral source, pulmonary artery and collateral anatomy and surgical history of 218 patients from two institutions dealing with congenital heart disease throughout life.
Results. Approximately 65% of pulmonary atresia appears in infancy, with 50% of patients severely symptomatic from cyanosis and 25% from heart failure. Compared with those presenting undiagnosed, patients referred secondarily for specialist management trend tobe older whe first seen, and cre must be taken when generalizing about the natural history of the condition from their survival experience. Overall actuarial survival, including the effects of operation, suggests that 60% (95% condifence limits [CL] 43 to 73) of patients presenting in infancy survice to their first birthday, 65% (95% CL to 51 to 74) those alive at 1 year old survive to the age of 10, and 16 (95% CL 5 to 31) of those alive at 10 years old survive to age 35.
Conclusions. Novel surgical approaches habve generally been applied beyond infancy in patients selected by their survival through the period of greatest attrition for this disease. Unless successful application in symptomatic infants is demonstrated, we cannot assume that these serial and complicated operations will have a major impact on the outlook of most patients with complex pulmonary atresia.
- Received March 7, 1994.
- Revision received July 25, 1994.
- Accepted August 25, 1994.