Author + information
- Received June 24, 1993
- Revision received September 1, 1994
- Accepted September 16, 1994
- Published online March 1, 1995.
- Marcus F. Stoddard, MD, FACC*,
- Charles R. Prince, MD, FACC,
- Susan Dillon, RDCS,
- Rita A. Longraker, RCT,
- Glenn T. Morris, MD and
- Norman E. Liddell, MD, PhD
- ↵*Address for correspondence: Dr. Marcus F. Stoddard, Director, Noninvasive Cardiology, Cardiology Division, University of Louisville, 550 South Jackson Street, Louisville, Kentucky 40202.
Objectives. This study attempted to determine whether a subset of patients with mitral valve prolapse and no mitral regurgitation at rest will develop mitral regurgitation during exercise and have a higher than anticipated risk of morbid cardiovascular events.
Background. Mitral regurgitation in patients with mitral valve prolapse identifies a subset of patients at higher risk for morbid events. However, mitral regurgitation in patients with mitral valve prolapse may be intermittent and could go unrecognized. A provocative test to unmask mitral regurgitation in these patients would be useful.
Methods. Ninety-four adult patients with mitral valve prolapse and no mitral regurgitation at rest were studied during supine bicycle ergometry using color flow Doppler echocardiography in the apical four-chamber and long-axis views. Patients were prospectively followed up for morbid events.
Results. Thirty (32%) of 94 patients had exercise-induced mitral regurgitation. Prospective follow-up (mean 38 months) showed more morbid events in the group with than without mitral regurgitation and included, respectively, syncope (43% vs. 5%, p < 0.0001), congestive heart failure (17% vs. 0%, p < 0.005) and progressive mitral regurgitation requiring mitral valve replacement surgery (10% vs. 0%, p < 0.05). Cerebral embolic events, endocarditis or sudden death were rare and not different between groups.
Conclusions. In patients with mitral valve prolapse without mitral regurgitation at rest, exercise provokes mitral regurgitation in 32% of patients and predicts a higher risk for morbid events.
This study was supported by a grant from Alliant Health System, Louisville, Kentucky.
- Received June 24, 1993.
- Revision received September 1, 1994.
- Accepted September 16, 1994.
- American College of Cardiology