Author + information
- Received June 13, 1994
- Revision received October 27, 1994
- Accepted January 4, 1995
- Published online May 1, 1995.
- Hirotsugu Tabata, MDa,1,
- Kyoichi Mizuno, MD*,*,
- Koh Arakawa, MDa,
- Kimio Satomura, MDa,
- Toshio Shibuya, MDa,
- Akira Kurita, MD, FACCa and
- Haruo Nakamura, MDa
- ↵*Address for correspondence: Dr. Kyoichi Mizuno, The Department of Internal Medicine, Nippon Medical School Chiba Hokusou Hospital, 1715 Kamakari Inba, Chiba 270-16, Japan.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of intracoronary thrombus and associated anatomic abnormalities in patients with postinfarction angina using coronary angioscopy and angiography.
Background. Postinfarction angina, previously studied by angiographic methods only, identifies patients at high risk for sudden death, recurrent angina and refractory angina. The recent development of coronary angioscopy, which permits direct observation of a thrombus or atheroma and is especially used for the detection of intraluminal changes, encourages a reexamination of the pathogenesis of postinfarction angina.
Methods. Fifty-one consecutive patients with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction underwent cardiac catheterization. Coronary angiography followed immediately by coronary angioscopy was performed in 17 patients with and 34 without postin farction angina during the same period of time (10.2 ± 3.7 or 15.7 ± 5.5 days [mean ± SD]) after the onset of acute myocardial infarction.
Results. The frequency of thrombus, as observed by angioscopy, was significantly higher in patients with than without postinfarction angina (17 of 17 vs. 5 of 34, respectively, p < 0.01). There were no significant differences between groups with respect to degree of stenosis in the infarct-related artery, number of vessels with significant stenosis, presence of collateral flow, type of therapy and risk factors.
Conclusions. Infarct-related artery thrombus is universally present in postinfarction angina and may be the primary pathogenic factor. Angioscopy is much more sensitive than coronary angiography for the detection of coronary thrombus.
- Received June 13, 1994.
- Revision received October 27, 1994.
- Accepted January 4, 1995.
- American College of Cardiology