Author + information
- Received April 6, 2003
- Revision received May 30, 2003
- Accepted June 16, 2003
- Published online October 15, 2003.
- Akihiro Hirashiki, MD*,
- Yoshiji Yamada, MD, PhD†,* (, )
- Yosuke Murase, MD*,
- Yoriyasu Suzuki, MD*,
- Hiroki Kataoka, MD*,
- Yasutsugu Morimoto, MD*,
- Toru Tajika, MD*,
- Toyoaki Murohara, MD, PhD‡ and
- Mitsuhiro Yokota, MD, PhD, FACC§
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Yoshiji Yamada, FAHA, Department of Gene Therapy, Gifu International Institute of Biotechnology, 1-1 Naka-Fudogaoka, Kakamigahara, Gifu 504-0838, Japan.
Objectives The aim of the study was to identify genes that confer susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) in low- or high-risk men or women separately and thereby to assess the genetic risk of CAD in such individuals.
Background The prevention of CAD would be facilitated by the identification of genes that confer susceptibility to this condition independently in low- or high-risk individuals, as defined by conventional risk factors.
Methods The study population comprised 1,661 unrelated Japanese individuals, including 1,011 patients with CAD and 650 control subjects. Among all study subjects, 601 individuals (high-risk subjects) had hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia, and 1,060 individuals (low-risk subjects) had none of these risk factors for CAD. The genotypes for 37 polymorphisms of 31 candidate genes were determined by a fluorescence- or colorimetry-based allele-specific DNA primer-probe assay system.
Results Multivariate logistic regression analysis, with adjustment for age, body mass index, and the prevalence of smoking and hyperuricemia, revealed that the −219G→T polymorphism of the apolipoprotein E gene in low-risk men, the −1171/5A→6A polymorphism of the stromelysin-1 gene in low-risk women, the 1019C→T polymorphism of the connexin 37 gene in high-risk men, and the 3932T→C polymorphism of the apolipoprotein E gene in high-risk women were significantly associated with CAD. A stepwise forward selection procedure revealed that the effects of these polymorphisms on CAD were statistically independent of age or conventional risk factors.
Conclusions Genotyping of these polymorphisms may prove informative for assessment of the genetic risk of CAD in low- or high-risk men or women.
☆ This work was supported in part by a grant-in-aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan (Tokyo; to Dr. Yokota); a grant from Mitsui Life Social Welfare Foundation (Tokyo; to Dr. Yokota); a grant-in-aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan (Tokyo; to Dr. Yamada); a grant from the Japan Cardiovascular Research Foundation (Osaka; to Dr. Yamada); and a grant from the Takeda Science Foundation (Osaka; to Dr. Yamada).
- Received April 6, 2003.
- Revision received May 30, 2003.
- Accepted June 16, 2003.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation