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The aim of the study was to evaluate the predictors of major adverse cardiovascular events in a prospective population based study, with the use of bioempedance analysis, echocardiography, ultrasonography and ECG.
The baseline measurements were conducted on 2230 participants (1427 women, 803 men with a mean age of 49). The follow-up was done 36 months after the baseline admission via telephone call. Major adverse event was defined as cardiovascular mortality or myocardial infarction or stoke. Mean age at entry was 50±15 years (mean±SD). Follow-up data was possible in 1495 participants (65%).
During the follow-up of 36 months (4485 patient years), 42 major adverse events occurred. Among them, 16 were death (1 stoke, 2 cancer, 13 cardiac related), 12 were stroke and 14 were myocardial infarction. Age, body mass index and atrial fibrillation were independent predictors of MAE; AF being the most powerful (Risk ratio 10.46; 95% confidence interval [1.73-63.14]; p=0.010).
Higher age, lower body mass index and atrial fibrillation were independent predictors of major cardiovascular events in Turkey.