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Echocardiography is the best way of imaging cardiac structures. It may certainly be informative and guide the physicians and subjects during a pre-test period of sports/Professional training. We retrospectively evaluated the disease groups and specific diagnosis which were detected by a short sight echocardiography among apparently healthy population.
We retrospectively evaluated medical recordings of 4250 subjects who applied for sports/professional training selections and were performed echocardiographic examination for the purpose of pre-participation or periodical examination. We collected the diagnosis which were detected by a short sight echocardiography and analyzed according to the disease groups and specific diagnosis.
Among young age groups valvular diseases, congenital heart disease (interatrial septal aneurysm, left ventricular trabeculation, patent foramen ovale, etc) are frequently detected. (Figure 1 and Table 1) Detection of aortic aneurysm was encountered among 3rd and 4th decade due to either bicuspid aortic valve or individual propensity. Myocardial bridging of coronary artery disease was also detected either by left ventricular systolic dysfunction or segmental wall motion abnormality. So myocardial bridging is an important clinical entity which should not be ignored due to its potential to lead sudden cardiac death syndromes. Additionally inter atrial septum aneurysm especially accompanied with patent foramen ovale are the clinically essential disease which have potential to allow thromboembolic serebrovascular disease among sportsman participating isometric training and diving sports.
Echocardiography which was performed even by a short sight manner may be too informative and guide the subjects to allow or refrain from some kind or type of sports. It may directly or indirectly provide information about cardiac pathologies which could be potentially lethal. Prohibition of subjects from some types of sports may favorably prevent those cardiac abnormalities potentially to progress an irreversible worst clinical state. Furthermore it may not only be medically lifesaving for candidates but also rescuer for the cardiologist or physician from the legal responsibilities.