Author + information
- Fatih Aytemiz1,
- Efe Edem2,
- Zülkif Tanrıverdi3,
- Ümmü Tas3,
- Barış Ünal3,
- Abdulla Arslan3 and
- Önder Kırımlı3
Syntax scoring system was established by lesion number, place and functional importance in angiography which projects objective and essential data for severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). Our aim in this study is to classify and compare the results of revascularization methods in multiple vessel CAD or left main coronary artery disease (LMCA) patients in their first intervention as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) due to syntax scoring system.
We included totally 391 patients which were diagnosed previously as multiple vessel CAD or LMCA disease after coronary angiography in Cardiology Department in Dokuz Eylul Faculty of Medicine Hospital between 01/01/2009 and 12/31/2010. 171 of 391 patients was initially revascularized by PCI, CABG was performed in 220 of 391 patients. Both PCI and CABG groups were divided into three subgroups as syntax scoring system as low (<23), intermediate (23-32) and high (>32). Also, EuroSCORE II and logistic EuroSCORE values were calculated in CABG group. Mortality rates in hospital stay and during first year were evaluated in both revascularization method.
The mean age in PCI group was 61.21±10.93 and 71,3% was male on the other hand in CABG group the mean age was 63.08±9.43 and 80,0% was male (age, p=0,013; sex, p=0,046). Mean syntax score was detected as 19.72 ±5.85 in PCI group and 28.23±7.11 in CABG group (p=0,008). The mean EuroSCORE II value was 1,43 and mean logistic EuroSCORE value was 7,20 in CABG group. Mortality rate during hospital stay was detected as 1,2 % (2 patients) in PCI group, 9,5% (21 patients) in CABG group (p<0,001). First year mortality in PCI group was 2,3% (4 patients), 3,2% (7 patients) in CABG group (p=0,762). High syntax score was calculated in two mortal patients during hospital stay in PCI group. İn CABG group, there was no statistically significant difference in hospital mortality occured in patient with a high score of syntax (p=0,18). The most significant parameter in mortality during hospital stay was detected as EuroSCORE II average values (p<0,001) followed by age and left ventriculus ejection fraction average values (respectively p=0,003 and p=0,021) in CABG group. In this group there were no significant difference due to syntax scoring averages (p=0,121).
In our study we investigated retrospectively the mortality rates during hospital stay and first year in PCI or CABG which performed in multiple vessel CAD and LMCA disease patients. The mortality rates during hospital stay was significantly higher in CABG group in comparison to PCI group. However PCI group had lower syntax score average and less LMCA disease patients. Syntax scoring system is not successful in prediction of mortality during hospital stay and first year in CABG group.