Author + information
- Received August 11, 2016
- Revision received September 22, 2016
- Accepted September 27, 2016
- Published online January 2, 2017.
- Amy A. Sarma, MD, MHSa,∗ (, )
- Chileshe Nkonde-Price, MD, MSb,
- Martha Gulati, MD, MSc,
- Claire S. Duvernoy, MDd,
- Sandra J. Lewis, MDe,
- Malissa J. Wood, MDa,
- American College of Cardiology Women in Cardiology Leadership Council
- aDepartment of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
- bDepartment of Cardiology, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Pasadena, California
- cDepartment of Cardiology, University of Arizona-Phoenix, Phoenix, Arizona
- dDepartment of Cardiology, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System/University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan
- eDepartment of Cardiology, Northwest Cardiovascular Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon
- ↵∗Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Amy A. Sarma, Department of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114.
Women are a consistent minority in the field of cardiology, with concerns regarding balancing career and parenting responsibilities often cited as a contributing factor to this under-representation. To investigate the impact that a career in cardiology may have on the family planning decisions of female cardiologists, the Women in Cardiology section of the American College of Cardiology conducted a voluntary anonymous survey. The following perspective highlights lessons learned from the survey, and potential solutions to the issues surrounding maternity leave, radiation exposure during pregnancy, and breastfeeding accommodations raised by these data. Given that most female cardiologists are pregnant at some point during their careers, particularly during the vulnerable periods of training and early career, improving the experience of pregnancy and early parenthood for all cardiologists may secure the best possible candidates to the field of cardiology.
The views expressed in this paper by the American College of Cardiology’s (ACC’s) Women in Cardiology Leadership Council does not necessarily reflect the views of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology or the ACC.
This work was conducted through the Women in Cardiology Council of the American College of Cardiology. All authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received August 11, 2016.
- Revision received September 22, 2016.
- Accepted September 27, 2016.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation
- Central Illustration
- Most Female Cardiologists Become Pregnant During Their Careers
- Pregnancies Occur Early in Women’s Careers
- A High Proportion of Children Born to Cardiologists Are Conceived Using Art
- Pregnancy-Related Complications Are Common
- Cardiologists Are Increasingly Concerned About Radiation Exposure During Pregnancy, But Are Underusing Radiation Reduction and Monitoring Strategies
- Women Feel Pressure to Take Shorter Maternity Leaves Than Available to Them
- Female Cardiologists Do Not Meet Their Breastfeeding Goals and Experience Significant Barriers to Breastfeeding
- The Experience of Cardiology Fellows Does Not Significantly Differ From Those of Attending Physicians, Except When it Comes to Maternity Leave
- A Career in Cardiology Influences the Family Planning Decisions of Most Female Cardiologists
- The WIC Pregnancy Workforce Group Believes Cardiologists Deserve Recognition of the Importance of Issues Surrounding Pregnancy, Parental Leave, and Breastfeeding