Author + information
- Cecil Rambarat,
- Fred Reifsteck,
- Yasmeen Taha,
- James Clugston,
- Eileen Handberg,
- Joan Street,
- Monica Towns,
- Matthew Kelling,
- Michelle Dimza,
- Carl J. Pepine,
- Matthew W. Martinez and
- Katherine Edenfield
Recently, considerable emphasis has been placed on screening athletes for risk factors associated with cardiovascular morbidity like blood pressure (BP), but there is a paucity of data among female collegiate athletes. This study characterizes the BP of collegiate female athletes at the time of pre-participation evaluation (PPE).
Female athletes from two National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I universities had BP measured at the time of PPE. BP values were divided into categories of normal, elevated, stage I and stage II hypertension based on 2017 ACC/AHA Guidelines. Data were analyzed based on sport, race, body surface area (BSA) and body mass index (BMI) using analysis of variance testing and Pearson correlation coefficient (r).
A total of 329 female athletes were identified from 8 different sports. Almost half (144, 47%) had BP values exceeding normal. Of these, 61% were classified as having elevated BP, 38% stage I hypertension and 1% stage II hypertension (Figure). There were no significant differences between races. A BP difference was observed between sports (p=0.001); BSA had a higher correlation with BP (r=0.22) than BMI (r=0.13).
Collegiate female athletes have a high prevalence of elevated BP at PPE. Future research is necessary to determine mechanisms for this elevated BP, its long-term consequences to the athletic female heart, and to identify appropriate management options.
Posters Hall_Hall A
Sunday, March 29, 2020, 10:00 a.m.-10:45 a.m.
Session Title: Prevention: Hypertension 4
Abstract Category: 33. Prevention: Hypertension
Presentation Number: 1264-109
- 2020 American College of Cardiology Foundation